Among the numerous molecules involved in this process, the most i

Among the numerous molecules involved in this process, the most important are the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), proteins that are activated only when bound to cyclins (regulatory proteins with fluctuating concentrations).

In general, more CDKs are overexpressed in cancer cells than in normal cells, which explains why cancer cells divide uncontrollably. Succeeding in modulating CDK activity with pharmacological agents could result in decreasing the abnormal

proliferation LY294002 price rate of cancer cells.

This review offers an overview of CDK-cyclin complexes in relation to different cell cycle phases, an analysis of CDK activation and inhibition of molecular mechanisms, and an extensive report, including clinical trials, regarding four new drugs acting as CDK modulators: alvocidib, P276-00, SNS-032 and seliciclib.”
“In the search for novel and bioactive molecules for drug discovery, marine-derived natural resources, especially marine microorganisms are becoming

an important and interesting research area. This study covers the literature published after 2008 on secondary metabolites of marine-derived microorganisms. The emphasis was on new compounds with the relevant biological activities, strain information, and country of origin. New compounds without biological activity were not included.”
“Therapeutic strategies designed to treat HIV infection with combinations of antiviral drugs have proven to be the best approach for slowing HSP990 ic50 the progression to AIDS. Despite the great PF-6463922 success of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), drug resistance and toxicity issues still remain a concern for some individuals. Therefore, alternative therapeutic strategies need to be developed to overcome these limitations. Nucleic acid-based therapeutics have been considered as an alternative to the currently used antivirals. In this regard, RNA interference (RNAi) can function as a gene-specific therapeutic option for controlling

HIV-1 replication. Another type of therapeutic nucleic acid – aptamers – shows promise as a new and potent class of anti-HIV agent and can additionally function as a cell-type-specific delivery vehicle for targeted RNAi. The combined use of small interfering RNA (siRNAs) and aptamers could effectively block viral replication and prevent the emergence of resistant variants. In this review, we recapitulate recent progress and the therapeutic potential of aptamer-siRNA conjugates in the treatment of HIV infection.”
“Aging is associated with a decline in episodic memory function. This is accompanied by degradation of and functional changes in the medial temporal lobe (MTL) which subserves mnemonic processing. To date no study has investigated age-related functional change in MTL substructures during specific episodic memory processes such as intra-item associative memory. The aim of this study was to characterize age-related change in the neural correlates of intra-item associative memory processing.

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