By comparison, peak AB template (black) and total templated synthesis (magenta) first decline exponentially together, then flatten to a long tail where templated output exceeds peak AB template. These larger synthetic events also show increasing bias towards replication (that is, to a higher ratio of templated to direct synthesis), click here insofar as the statistics of 1,000 pools allows comparison (rightward in Fig. 2). In fact, the slope of Fig. 2’s peak and templated AB curves appear to decrease with larger synthesis, and there appears an unexpectedly large fraction (a few tenths of a percent) of very productive
pool histories, which produce large amounts of AB via exceptionally extensive replication. Thus, the key to replication lies in atypical large synthetic episodes, where large concentrations of template AB, which are required for replication (but irrelevant to direct chemical synthesis) exist. To clarify the connection between efficient net synthesis and replication, 250 consecutive curated AB-synthetic episodes
were MX69 molecular weight collected for a standard system. “Curated” means that these 250 AB syntheses were isolated (the first synthetic episodes to occur) and therefore independent of other events. “Episode” includes all events associated with AB synthesis for the lifetime of one AB selleck screening library population. Operationally, an episode begins with the first spike that will alter AB output (see Fig. 6 discussion below for examples), and ends when net integrated AB synthesis becomes constant to the 5th calculated significant figure. Curated episodes were individually measured; so direct
and templated AB synthesis are causally associated within this set of 250 episodes, and further, each can be associated with its own instantaneous Inositol monophosphatase 1 AB peak (instead of the less directly relevant) largest peak during 100 lifetimes, as for Fig. 2. Figure 3 shows 250 individual total (direct + templated) AB syntheses, plotted as a function of the number of substrate spikes in the episode. Fig. 3 Total sporadically fed pool output during 250 consecutive curated synthetic episodes. Diamonds – total AB synthesized in 250 individual synthetic episodes. Squares – mean total AB output from each type of episode (that is, with the same number of A and B spikes) Episodic synthesis is highly varied, with AB yields ranging over about 7 orders of magnitude. Further, episodes of similar complexity vary – even the simplest synthetic episodes, with 2 intersecting spikes of substrate, give total yields of AB ranging over 5 orders of magnitude in this sample of 250. Thus many AB magnitudes are not associated with any particular history. Indeed, it would be possible to choose a range of total AB synthesis which could have occurred by intersection of 2 to 11 substrate spikes. Nonetheless, there are clear regularities in Fig. 3. The smallest events increase in size from 2 to 6 spikes.