Other in vivo studies in this field include the investigations ca

Other in vivo studies in this field include the investigations carried out by Shen et al. [109], which focused on the codelivery of paclitaxel and survivin short hairpin RNA (shRNA) for circumventing chemoresistance in lung cancer. The investigators utilized the pluronic block co-polymer P85 combined

with D-α-Tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (P85-PEI/TPGS) for developing the nanoparticles to be implemented in this study [109]. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical These nanoparticles were based upon triblock structural formation of hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) blocks and hydrophobic poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) blocks, which also gives enhanced capacity to revert chemoresistance due to drug efflux pump inhibition properties, downregulation Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of ATPase activity and P85-induced inhibition of the gluthathione S-transferase compound detoxification enzyme at the subcellular level [109]. Paclitaxel and surviving shRNA were selected as the ideal drugs for nanoparticle delivery due to the former having poor efficacy due to chemoresistance

within the tumour, and survivin was identified as highly expressed within chemoresistant tumours [109]. The in vivo activity of such nanoparticle systems (with/without paclitaxel and survivin Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical shRNA) was sellekchem evaluated on BALB/c nude mice injected with viable, paclitaxel-resistant, A549/T lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells [109]. The results of this study demonstrated that deployment of the nanoparticle-based chemotherapeutic drug proved to have distinct enhancement Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of antitumour efficacy, when compared to deployment of the drug/s alone [109]. Chemoresistance to the aromatase inhibitor www.selleckchem.com/products/CP-690550.html letrozole in postmenopausal breast cancer is another major therapeutic hurdle which was investigated in vivo [110]. Biodegradable PLGA-polyethylene glycol copolymer nanoparticles were developed by nanoprecipitation and designed to

incorporate hyaluronic acid-bound letrozole (HA-Letr-NPs) [110]. The addition of hyaluronic Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical acid served to enhance letrozole binding specificity to CD44 on the target tumour cell surface, with the expected consequences of enhanced drug accumulation within the target tumour cell cytoplasm and resultant re-sensitization of the target tumour cells to letrozole Brefeldin_A activity [110]. Such HA-Letr-NPs, once produced at a size of less than 100nm diameter, were deployed within a letrozole-resistant murine xenograft tumour model [110]. The results of this study demonstrated a highly efficient nanoparticle-based drug delivery system, with the IC(50) for HA-Letr-NPs within the murine xenograft model being only 5μM when compared to the control groups, thus enhancing the in vivo aromatase enzyme activity within the xenograft and ultimately inducing a prolonged resensitising of the breast cancer tumour to letrozole activity [110].

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