lets us know that the effect occurs near the surface of nanostructures, and the power-dependent measurement further confirms the underlying mechanism we proposed. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3590152]“
“Two new indole alkaloids, 2-(3,3-dimethylprop-1-ene)-costaclavine (1) and 2-(3,3-dimethylprop-1-ene)-epicostaclavine (2), together with the known compounds costaclavine (3), fumgaclavine A (4) and C (5), were isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. The planar structures of the two new compounds were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence including MS, UV, IR and NMR spectra. Their stereochemistry was studied by NOESY, H-1-H-1 coupling constant and see more CD spectra. The compounds 1, 2, 3 and 5 showed weak cytotoxicity against a mouse leukemia cell line (P388).”
“Lupus nephritis (LN) is a common secondary glomerular
disease with diverse clinical manifestations and pathology. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestations and pathology of 82 hospitalized LN patients (73 females and nine males) during February 2004 to February 2009. The mean age at disease onset of male patients was much younger than female patients (27.6 +/- 6.8 vs. 35.5 +/- 13.9). The kidney biopsy showed that more than 50% was IV-type LN. The II- and III-type LN were also common; their clinical manifestations were common in nephritic Epigenetics inhibitor syndrome and (or) asymptomatic urinary abnormalities, whereas IV- and V-type LN usually presented nephrotic syndrome. Simultaneously, we investigated CP-456773 molecular weight that the highest incidence rates of anemia and chronic renal failure were observed in IV- and IV + V-type LN. What was more, we found that serum creatinine level was higher; the interstitial involvement was more severe with renal biopsy. The serum creatinine
level and renal interstitial lesions were positively correlated. Our study showed that the different pathologic phenotypes of LN were correlated with the specific clinical manifestations. However, the conclusion should be confirmed by large-scale prospective research.”
“Scattering of coherent light from scattering particles causes phase shift to the scattered light. The interference of unscattered and scattered light causes the formation of speckles. When the scattering particles, under the influence of an ultrasound (US) pressure wave, vibrate, the phase shift fluctuates, thereby causing fluctuation in speckle intensity. We use the laser speckle contrast analysis (LSCA) to reconstruct a map of the elastic property (Young’s modulus) of soft tissue-mimicking phantom. The displacement of the scatters is inversely related to the Young’s modulus of the medium. The elastic properties of soft biological tissues vary, many fold with malignancy.