That the extra

mortality of a competitor driven by allelo

That the extra

mortality of a competitor driven by allelopathy of a toxic species gives a positive feed back to the algal growth process through the recycling is explained. And that this positive feed back plays a pivotal role in reducing competition pressures and helping species succession in the two-species model is demonstrated. Based on these specific coexistence results, I introduce and explain theoretically the allelopathic effect of a toxic species as a ‘pseudo-mixotrophy’ – a mechanism of ‘if you cannot beat them or eat them, just kill them by chemical weapons’. The impact of this mechanism of species succession by pseudo-mixotrophy in the form of alleopathy is discussed in the context of current understanding on straight mixotrophy and resource-species relationship among phytoplankton species. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Symptomatic Rathke’s cleft cyst is usually accompanied by a long selleck screening library history of headache, visual disturbance, and hypopituitarism; however, rare cases present with acute onset and the clinical features in such cases remain uncertain. We report herein the clinical features of Rathke’s cleft cyst with acute onset and discuss the clinical significance.\n\nIn this study, we

defined acute onset as the clinical course with clinical symptoms within a 7-day history. From among 35 cases of symptomatic Rathke’s cleft cyst that were pathologically diagnosed at Fukuoka University Hospital between 1990 and 2009, five cases presented with acute onset. The symptoms, endocrinological findings, MR image findings, and pathological findings of these cases were analyzed retrospectively.\n\nMean age was 56.8 years. Initial symptoms included headache (n = 3), general malaise (n = 2), polyuria (n = 2), and fever (n = 1). MR imaging revealed an intrasellar cystic lesion with suprasellar extension in all cases and showed rim enhancement in three cases. All cases were treated by transsphenoidal surgery. Pathological

findings included hemorrhage (n = 2), hypophysitis (n = 2), and abscess formation in the cyst (n = 1). Postoperatively, all symptoms, except for hypopituitarism, improved in all cases.\n\nRathke’s cleft cysts sometimes present with acute onset, and the presentation is consistent with the features of pituitary apoplexy caused Epoxomicin mouse by pituitary adenoma. Although pituitary apoplexy due to hemorrhage, inflammation, or infection due to an underlying Rathke’s cleft cyst is difficult to diagnose pre-operatively, Rathke’s cleft cyst should be included in the differential diagnosis, and early surgical treatment is needed, as for pituitary apoplexy caused by pituitary adenoma.”
“Copolymers based on 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl alpha-fluoroacrylate (FATRIFE) and 2,2,2-trichlororoethyl alpha-fluoroacrylate (FATRICE) were synthesized in good yields by radical process initiated by tert-butyl 2,2-dimethylperoxypropanoate.

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