This indicated that PHA granules harvested at a later growth stage had smaller
surface areas for protein binding. Furthermore, there was an increased background of “”contaminating”" proteins at later growth stages (Figure 5), possibly caused by non-specific binding to the PHA surface . Figure 5 SDS-PAGE analysis of PHA granules isolated in different growth phases. Lanes: Molecular weight marker (kD, lane 1), PHA granules isolated from P. putida U after 8 hours (lane 2), 14 hours (lane 3), 20 hours (lane 4) and 25 hours (lane 5) of growth on octanoate. Increasing amounts of PHA granules were applied: 0.1 mg (lane 2), 0.5 mg (lane 3), 1 mg (lane 4) and 1.5 mg (lane 5), respectively. Experiments were performed three times. For different cultivations, the absolute values PXD101 cost regarding total amount of PHA granule-attached proteins had variations due to sample taken at different time points; however, PHA reganule-attached proteins exhibited similar pattern relative to cell growth in these three experiments. In this study, only the results obtained from one experiment were presented. Effect
of Torin 2 solubility dmso phasins on PhaC activity One of the possibilities for the decrease in activity of PhaC and increase in activity of PhaZ could relate to changes in the amounts of available phasins on the PHA granule. In order to examine this hypothesis we used a P. putida mutant which is deficient in both PhaI and PhaF phasins. Both the wild type and mutant strains were grown on octanoate for 10 hours before PHA granules were isolated. Table 1 lists PhaC activities of PHA granules isolated from different P. putida strains together with the corresponding mutants. Table 1 Granule-bound PhaC activities of various P. putida mutants Strain NVP-BSK805 datasheet Reference PHA granule phasins Granule-bound PhaC activity (U/mg PhaC) PhaF PhaI P. putida U  + + 40.2 P. putida::phaZ -
 + + 44.9 P. putida BMO1  + + 42.2 P. putida BMO1-42  – - 12.7 P. putida GPo1 [15, 23] + + 42.3 P. putida GPG-Tc-6 [13, 23] – + 38.0 P. putida GPo1001 [31, 23] + – 29.5 Assay conditions: 100 mM Tris-HCl, Acyl CoA dehydrogenase pH 8, 1 mg/ml BSA, 0.5 mM MgCl2, 0.0125-0.25 mM R-3-hydroxyoctanoyl-CoA and 0.2 μg/ml granule-bound PhaC (granules isolated after growth for 10 hours). Initial activity was measured spectrophotometrically (A412) by following release of CoA using DTNB. PhaC amounts were estimated by densitometric scanning of SDS-polyacrylamide gels. The PhaC activity on granules of P. putida BMO1 42 (ΔphaI, ΔphaF) was found to be 3-fold lower than that of granules isolated from the wild type P. putida BMO1 and P. putida U. Since this mutant lacked both PhaI and PhaF, it is likely that the presence of these phasins stimulates PhaC activity. Previously, we have reported that PhaF- granules of P. putida GPG-Tc6 did not show a significant reduction of activity as compared to granules from the parental strain P.