We cannot live in

isolation and none will be winner if su

We cannot live in

isolation and none will be winner if superiority is sought. “
“To retrospectively investigate and compare the effects of tumor necrosis factor alpha inhibitors (TNFi) on hepatic enzymes in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. A retrospective analysis of the records of 94 AS (66 male, 28 female) patients using TNFi was performed. Patients’ clinical data, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity (BASDAI) scores, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were all examined. Liver function test (LFTs) results of patients before the treatment and 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment with TNFi were investigated. Aspartate transaminase see more (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels were investigated as indicators of LFTs. The TNFi drugs used Tacrolimus cell line were infliximab (n = 28), adalimumab (n = 32) and etanercept (n = 34). Pre-treatment values of ESR, CRP and BASDAI

scores were 28.3 ± 20.1 mm/h, 1.5 ± 1.2 ng/dL and 5.2 ± 0.8, respectively. Following TNFi use there was a statistically significant decrease in disease activity score (P = 0.001). There was a significant increase in LFT at the third month evaluation compared to the initial values, while the average value was within normal range (baseline AST 19.6 ± 10.8 U/L, ALT 19.1 ± 6.4 U/L, third month AST 31.3 ± 21.6 U/L, ALT 28.1 ± 18.1 U/L, P = 0.001). Drug group comparison analysis revealed a significant difference in the adalimumab group value at the end of the first year, but no other significant difference in the data for the other months (P > 0.05). No significant correlation was determined between initial disease activity scores and LFT. TNFi use-associated

rises in hepatic enzymes were determined compared to pre-treatment but the mean values Acetophenone remained within normal limits. Considering the cases in the literature, in daily practice patients must be carefully monitored for liver function before treatment and at follow-up. “
“To determine the prevalence of sexual dysfunction (FSD) among women with rheumatoid arthritis attending the Rheumatology Clinic in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) and Hospital Putrajaya, Malaysia, and to determine its associations with potential clinical and disease activity factors. This was a cross-sectional study involving women with rheumatoid arthritis between the ages of 20 and 60 years. A validated Malay Version Female Sexual Function Index (MVFSFI) was administered to diagnose FSD. Sociodemographic and disease activity profiles were obtained and those who had and did not have FSD were compared. Among 63 respondents, 51 patients were included in the analysis for FSD. The prevalence of FSD in women with rheumatoid arthritis attending UKMMC and Hospital Putrajaya Rheumatology Clinic was 29.4%. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28-ESR) correlates with MVFSFI score with r = −0.364 (P = 0.

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