3 and 2.5 fold). The gene cg2514 encoding a dipeptide/tripeptide permease showed similar strong expression changes with an mRNA level of 8.9 under limitation and 0.1 upon excess of biotin. this website Interestingly, two genes of RG7112 order biotin synthesis (bioA, bioB) were differentially expressed in response to biotin, as well: 3.8 and 6.8 fold, respectively, increased under biotin limitation and 9.0 and 15.5 fold, respectively, decreased upon biotin excess. The adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate aminotransferase BioA catalyzes the antepenultimate step of biotin synthesis and biotin synthase BioB catalyzes the final step of biotin synthesis. Thus, expression of genes for a putative biotin uptake system (bioY,
bioM and bioN) and for enzymes
of biotin ring assembly (bioA and bioB) was affected by the biotin availability in https://www.selleckchem.com/products/Y-27632.html the medium. This is in contrast to a previous speculation that not only the capability to synthesize biotin, but also the property to regulate bio genes might be lost in C. glutamicum . Table 1 Gene expression differences of C. glutamicum WT in response to biotin limitation, biotin excess or supplementation with dethiobiotin Genea Annotationa Relative mRNA level 1 μg/l biotin 20000 μg/l biotin dethiobiotin b 200 μg/l biotin 200 μg/l biotin biotin b cg0095 biotin synthase BioB 6.8 0.1 11.3 cg0096 hypothetical protein 5.5 0.2 3.6 cg0097 hypothetical protein 10.1 0.1 3.5 cg0126 hypothetical protein 0.5 n.d. 2.1 cg0486 ABC-type transporter. permease component n.d. 0.5 n.d. cg0634 ribosomal protein L15 RplO 0.4 n.d. n.d. cg1141 lactam utilization protein
n.d. 0.5 1.2 cg1142 transport system 2.1 0.4 1.2 cg1214 cysteine desulfhydrase/selenocysteine lyase NadS 1.9 0.5 1.3 cg1216 quinolate synthase A NadA 1.9 0.5 1.4 cg1218 ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase NdnR 2.1 0.4 2.0 cg1671 hypothetical protein n.d. 2.0 0.3 cg2147 Biotin transport protein BioY 18.8 0.1 4.4 cg2148 Biotin transport protein BioM 4.9 0.2 2.6 cg2149 Biotin transport protein BioN 2.0 0.4 1.6 cg2320 predicted transcriptional regulator MarR family 2.0 0.5 1.6 cg2560 isocitrate lyase AceA 3.1 0.4 1.0 cg2747 metalloendopeptidases-like protein n.d. 0.4 2.3 cg2883 SAM-dependent Aspartate methyltransferase 2.2 0.2 n.d. cg2884 putative dipeptide/tripeptide permease 8.9 0.1 5.6 cg2885 adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate aminotransferase BioA 3.8 0.1 n.d. cg3231 hypothetical protein 0.5 n.d. n.d. cg3289 thiol:disulfide interchange protein TlpA 0.4 n.d. n.d. aGene numbers and annotations of the revised C. glutamicum genome published by NCBI as NC003450 bRatio of the mRNA level in cells grown in CGXII with 200 μg/l dethiobiotin to that of cells grown with 200 μg/l biotin Dethiobiotin, the substrate of biotin synthase BioB, is the immediate precursor of biotin. To compare global gene expression when C. glutamicum is supplemented with dethiobiotin or biotin, parallel cultures of C.