Consequently, transient epileptic amnesia may be readily misdiagn

Consequently, transient epileptic amnesia may be readily misdiagnosed as a nonepileptic memory dysfunction in older individuals. When appropriately recognized, it has been described as a treatment-responsive syndrome amenable to antiepileptic drugs. We describe a patient Selonsertib mouse with drug-resistant transient epileptic amnesia treated with unilateral temporal lobectomy. Prolonged postictal slowing in the mesial temporal structures was evident on invasive electroencephalography 5 hours after the occurrence of a brief focal seizure. These findings support the theory of a Todd phenomenon as the underlying pathophysiological mechanism in transient epileptic amnesia.

(C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Bulgaria had been free from brucellosis since 1958, but during 2005-2007, a reemergence of human and animal disease was recorded. The reemergence of this zoonosis in the country highlights the importance of maintaining an active surveillance system for infectious diseases that will require full cooperation between public health and veterinary authorities.”
“Study Design. Cross sectional.


This study presents the factor analysis of the Spinal Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ) and its psychometric properties.

Summary of Background Data. Although the SAQ has been administered to a large sample of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated surgically, its psychometric properties have not been fully evaluated. This study presents the factor analysis and scoring of the SAQ and evaluates its psychometric properties.

Methods. S63845 supplier The SAQ and selleck the Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) were administered to AIS patients who were being observed, braced or scheduled for surgery. Standard demographic data and radiographic measures including Lenke type and curve magnitude were also collected.

Results. Of the 1802

patients, 83% were female; with a mean age of 14.8 years and mean initial Cobb angle of 55.degrees (range, 0 degrees 123 degrees). From the 32 items of the SAQ, 15 loaded on two factors with consistent and significant correlations across all Lenke types. There is an Appearance (items 1-10) and an Expectations factor (items 12-15). Responses are summed giving a range of 5 to 50 for the Appearance domain and 5 to 20 for the Expectations domain. The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.88 for both domains and Total score with a test-retest reliability of 0.81 for Appearance and 0.91 for Expectations. Correlations with major curve magnitude were higher for the SAQ Appearance and SAQ Total scores compared to correlations between the SRS Appearance and SRS Total scores. The SAQ and SRS-22 Scores were statistically significantly different in patients who were scheduled for surgery compared to those who were observed or braced.


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