A comparison of the layer thicknesses with drug release measurements reveals that capsules with the thinnest shellac layers provide the best entrapment. Additional squeezing experiments show that the shellac layer makes the capsules also mechanically more stable.”
“The most severe forms of xerostomia and salivary gland dysfunction, as well as a severely reduced quality of life, are seen in Sjogren syndrome (SS) and after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. For both
conditions, no effective regenerative therapies yet exist. Thus, the aim Screening Library in vitro of this article was to assess, through systematic review, the potential benefit of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in radiation-induced and SS-related salivary gland dysfunction and xerostomia. We searched PubMed/MEDLINE, selleck chemicals Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the World Health Organization Clinical Trials Registry Platform,
and Google Scholar. We identified 6 separate study comparisons eligible for inclusion. Owing to the limited number of studies, we conclude that more randomized, adequately powered clinical trials are needed to validate the potential beneficial effect of MSCs on salivary gland dysfunction and xerostomia. Nonetheless, the preliminary studies identified in the present review were encouraging for further research.”
“Purpose Adult hepatoblastoma is rare and the prognosis is extremely poor. Although surgery offers the only chance for cure, it often recurs even after complete resection. To date, no therapeutic strategy has been established.
We report here a rare case of adult hepatoblastoma successfully MK-4827 cost treated with multimodal treatment.
Methods A 25-year-old female who had been suffering from right hypochondriac pain was referred to our hospital. Preoperative diagnosis was adult hepatoblastoma. Huge liver tumor was initially deemed unresectable. An intensive chemotherapy including arterial chemoinfusion using interventional radiological technique resulted in a remarkable tumor reduction. Furthermore, lung metastasis that had later appeared was completely treated with additional chemotherapy. Then she underwent curative surgery at 8 months after initial treatment.
Results The pathological diagnosis was well-differentiated hepatoblastoma. The postoperative course was uneventful and she received short-course adjuvant chemotherapy. She survived for over 4 years after diagnosis.
Conclusions To our knowledge, this is the first report demonstrating long-term survival of a patient with initially unresectable adult hepatoblastoma. Our new therapeutic strategy may provide new insights into the treatment of this fatal disease.”
“Various techniques for the correction of sagittal craniosynostosis have been described in the literature. Nevertheless, there is a lack of consensus regarding surgical procedure and timing, although a long-term anthropometric analysis may shed light on this controversy.